2023 Autor: Cecilia Ryder | [email protected]. Zuletzt bearbeitet: 2023-06-04 16:31
Eine Frucht aus der Familie der Kakteen, die eine Vielzahl von Vorteilen bietet. Das ist die Kaktusfeige. Lassen Sie sich nicht von seinem Aussehen einschüchtern, denn das Fruchtfleisch ist köstlich, mehr als Sie erwarten würden. Es wird oft als ein ausgezeichnetes Heilmittel gegen einen Kater angesehen. Und nicht nur das, die Vorteile von Feigenkaktus sind weit verbreitet.
Schauen wir uns alle in diesem Beitrag an. Weiter lesen!
- Was ist Feigenkaktus?
- Was ist die Geschichte der Feigenkaktus?
- Warum sind Kaktusfeigen gut für Sie?
- Nährwertangaben für Kaktusfeigen
- Was sind die gesundheitlichen Vorteile von Feigenkakteen?
- Was sind die Vorteile von Feigenkaktus für die Haut?
- Wie kommt Feigenkaktus Ihrem Haar zugute?
- Wie integrieren Sie Feigenkaktus in Ihre Ernährung?
- Verwendung von Feigenkaktus
- So wählen und lagern Sie Kaktusbirnen
- Wie man Feigenkaktus isst
- Irgendwelche Kaktusfeigenrezepte?
- Wo kann man Feigenkaktusfrucht kaufen?
- Was sind die Fakten über Feigenkaktus, die ich wissen muss?
- Nebenwirkungen von Feigenkaktus
Was ist Feigenkaktus?
Feigenkaktus ist eine Frucht, die auf den Blättern der Nopales-Kakteen wächst und zur Gattung Opuntia gehört. Ihr wissenschaftlicher Name ist Opuntia ficus-indica. Es wird auch als Nagfani in Hindi, Nagajemudu in Telugu, Kallimullpazham in Malayalam und Dindla in Gujarati bezeichnet. Die jüngeren Pflanzen sind essbar und oft Teil der mexikanischen Ernährung. Die anderen essbaren Teile des Feigenkaktus sind die Blüten, Stängel und Blätter.
Weithin bekannt als "Kaktusbirne", Kaktusfeige mit verschiedenen Namen in verschiedenen Ländern und Regionen wie Thunfisch, Nopal, Nopales, Berberitzenfeigen, indische Feigen. Feigenkaktus ist eine zylindrische Frucht mit einer festen Außenhaut mit Widerhaken und einem weicheren, essbaren Fruchtfleisch. Es ist anfangs grün und färbt sich rötlich-rosa, da es in den meisten Pflanzen reift (1). Es kann roh, gekocht oder gegrillt gegessen werden. Es wird auch verwendet, um Saft und Marmeladen zu machen. Diese leckeren, ovalen Früchte sprießen aus den Spitzen der stacheligen Kaktusblätter und sind in verschiedenen Farben erhältlich, von tief rot-grün bis gelb oder lila. Sein Geschmack ist ähnlich wie bei Wassermelonen / Himbeeren und er hat einen gurkenartigen Duft.
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Was ist die Geschichte der Feigenkaktus?
Als Kaktus kann die Feigenkaktuspflanze bei trockenem Wetter überleben. Es soll aus Mexiko und den nördlichen Ländern Südamerikas stammen, die unter die Kategorien trockenes bis halbtrockenes Klima fallen. In diesen Regionen ist es seit Tausenden von Jahren ein Grundnahrungsmittel. Es wurde später festgestellt, dass es auch im Nahen Osten und auf dem indischen Subkontinent verwendet wird.
Mit zunehmender Beliebtheit werden Feigenkakteen auch in Europa und Australien angebaut. Die Frucht wird nicht nur wegen ihres Geschmacks, sondern auch wegen ihrer gesundheitlichen Vorteile geschätzt. Seine entzündungshemmenden, antioxidativen und Anti-Aging-Eigenschaften haben diese dornige Frucht beliebt gemacht.
Warum sind diese Früchte Nahrung für Sie?
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Warum sind Kaktusfeigen gut für Sie?
Feigenkaktus ist reich an vielen Nährstoffen, Vitaminen, Mineralien und Ballaststoffen. Dies macht es zu einer wunderbaren und gesunden Ergänzung Ihrer Ernährung für kulinarische und medizinische Zwecke. Ihr niedriger Cholesterin- und gesättigter Fettgehalt macht sie zu einer geeigneten Option für viele Menschen auf der ganzen Welt, die an Fettleibigkeit und Herzerkrankungen leiden. Diese vielseitigen Früchte sind kein Problem beim Schneiden oder Zubereiten. Wenn Sie Zugriff darauf haben, kaufen Sie einige davon.
Schauen wir uns jetzt die Nährwertangaben dieser Frucht an.
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Nährwertangaben für Kaktusfeigen
Wenn wir über den Nährwert von Feigenkaktus sprechen, enthält sie Magnesium, Aminosäuren, Antioxidantien, Vitamin C und B, Beta-Carotin, Eisen, Kalzium, Kalium und viele andere Nährstoffe. Eine Tasse dieser Frucht kann eine gute Quelle für einen erheblichen Teil des täglichen Aufnahmewerts vieler Vitamine und Mineralien sein. Denken Sie daran, dass das in dieser traditionellen Wüstenpflanze enthaltene Kalzium möglicherweise nicht in seiner biologisch aktiven Form vorliegt. Es liegt in Form eines nicht resorbierbaren Komplexes (Calciumoxalat) vor.
|Gesättigtes Fett 0g||Transfett||Cholesterin 0 mg||Natrium 7 mg||Gesamtkohlenhydrat 14g||Ballaststoffe 5g||Zucker||Protien 1g||Vitamin A.||Vitamin C||Kalzium||Eisen|
|Vitamin C||Vitamin-D||Vitamin E (Alpha Tocopherol)||Vitamin K.||Thiamin||Riboflavin||Niacin||Vitamin B6||Folsäure||Vitamin B12||Pantothensäure||Cholin||Betain||Vitamin C||Mengen pro ausgewählter Portion||Kalzium||Eisen||Magnesium||Phosphor||Kalium||Natrium||Zink||Kupfer||Mangan||Selen||Fluorid|
|Gesamtfett||Gesättigte Fettsäuren||Einfach ungesättigte Fettsäuren||Mehrfach ungesättigtes Fett||Gesamttransfettsäuren||Insgesamt trans-monoenoische Fettsäuren||Gesamttranspolyensäurefettsäuren||Insgesamt Omega-3-Fettsäuren||Insgesamt Omega-6-Fettsäuren||
Nachdem wir nun ein kurzes Verständnis der Nährstoffe in Feigenkaktusfrüchten haben, wollen wir uns ansehen, was das Vorhandensein dieser Nährstoffe impliziert. Die vielen gesundheitlichen Vorteile dieser Frucht werden unten diskutiert.
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Was sind die gesundheitlichen Vorteile von Feigenkakteen?
Zu den gesundheitlichen Vorteilen von Feigenkaktus gehören die Fähigkeit, den Cholesterinspiegel zu senken, den Gewichtsverlust zu unterstützen, den Verdauungsprozess zu verbessern, Krebszellen zu bekämpfen, das Diabetesrisiko zu senken, das Immunsystem zu stärken und das Alzheimer-Risiko zu senken. Lesen Sie weiter, um mehr zu erfahren.
1. Mögliche Rolle bei der Gewichtskontrolle
Obesity is a global epidemic and needs to be managed at the earliest. Instead of resorting to extreme measures like harmful medications or surgery, a simple solution to this problem could be consuming plenty of dietary fiber. Prickly pear fruit contains fiber that will make you feel full for longer and reduce hunger pangs. It also helps in the elimination of dietary fat by binding it and excreting it from the system. As the intestines do not get a chance to absorb the dietary fat, this fruit effectively helps in weight control and even weight loss (2).
[ Read: Superfoods For Weight Loss]
2. Helps Lower Cholesterol
Continuing on the weight loss tangent, prickly pear can also help reduce the cholesterol levels in the blood. Its fiber (pectin) content can be held responsible for this as it helps eliminate LDL cholesterol from the body. Experiments have shown that prickly pear can reduce both plasma levels and hepatic levels of cholesterol (3, 4). Also, certain phytosterols found in cactus seed oil can alter cholesterol metabolism in a positive way (5). Hyperlipidemia, the condition of high cholesterol levels, can also be brought under control.
3. Source Of Essential Micronutrients
The essential micronutrients found in prickly pear are vitamin C, folate, vitamin B6, riboflavin, niacin, iron, magnesium, calcium, and potassium. Of these, the highest % DV is held by vitamin C and magnesium (6). Consumption of one cup of this fruit on a regular basis can provide your body with these micronutrients that are required for various physiological and metabolic processes.
4. Fights Cancer Cells
The flavonoid compounds in prickly pear lower the risk of breast, prostate, stomach, pancreatic, ovarian, cervical, and lung cancers. They were shown to inhibit the growth of cancer cells in the lab and mice models. They also caused the death of these cancerous cells at higher concentrations (7). These compounds also have the ability to remove free radicals and improve the activities of pro-oxidant enzymes.
5. Prevents Ulcers
Both physical and mental stress can cause changes in the gastrointestinal mucosa and result in gastric ulcers. Inflammation occurs as there is an increase in the pro-inflammatory compounds that damage the gastric wall. Prickly pear exerts a positive effect on the gastric mucosa, and this activity is mainly facilitated by a compound called betanin found in this fruit. The gastric mucus production is regulated, and there is also a reduction in the pro-inflammatory chemicals. As a result of this, the chances of developing ulcers are highly reduced by the consumption of prickly pear (8).
[Read: Home Remedies for Stomach Ulcers]
6. Blood Sugar Regulation
Cactus pear is often touted for its hypoglycemic activity. This means that the ingestion of this fruit or its extract can lower high blood glucose levels as well as maintain normal levels. Different experiments on both diabetic and antidiabetic rats have shown a decrease in blood glucose levels. The main mechanism of this reduction is a decrease in the intestinal absorption of glucose (9, 10). Prickly pear cactus fruit’s fiber and pectin content are considered responsible for this activity. Once the blood sugar levels are brought under control, type II diabetes can be managed easily.
7. Nopal Cactus Cleans The Colon
The high fiber content of prickly pear not only helps in lowering blood sugar/glucose and cholesterol levels but also helps in regulating the general functioning of the colon. Enough glucose is absorbed, and unhealthy fats and excess bile are eliminated from the body. This keeps the colon in optimum health. The inflammation and oxidative stress that the colon is being subjected to are also alleviated. The antioxidants present in prickly pear eliminate the free radicals and inflammation-inducing compounds, thus cleansing and protecting the colon (11).
8. Soothes The Stomach
In Mexico, prickly pear is commonly used as a dietary supplement. People consume prickly pear daily to regularize their bowel movements. This helps to maintain a healthy digestive system and prevents constipation. The anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties of compounds found in cactus pear are also responsible for aiding stomach health and soothing it (12).
9. Protects The Liver
We often consume carcinogens and other compounds that can damage the liver without realizing the damage they can cause. Here’s a solution. Consume prickly pear as a juice or in the form of jams or jellies to prevent liver damage. It contains plenty of antioxidants that can reduce the oxidative stress caused by such compounds on the liver. It exerts hepatoprotective activity that mainly involves eliminating free radicals and increasing the body’s antioxidant activity against these compounds (13).
[Read: Foods For A Healthy Liver]
10. Reduces Hangovers
This fruit has the ability to reduce the effects of a hangover. Prickly pear juice reduces the production of inflammatory mediators that induce the uncomfortable feeling during alcohol hangovers. It also reduces other symptoms like nausea and dry mouth (14).
11. Immune System Booster
The vitamin C content of prickly pear is responsible for this particular health benefit. Vitamin C boosts the body’s immune response against various infections. It increases the production of white blood cells that undertake the process of killing and eliminating infectious microorganisms from the body. Vitamin C also acts as an antioxidant and reduces the free radical damage throughout the body. This also gives the immune system a boost (15, 16).
12. Reduces Risk Of Colon Cancer
Prickly pear contains various types of antioxidants like flavonoids, quercetins, gallic acid, phenolic compounds, betacyanins, etc. The antioxidant activity of these was tested against colon cancer cell lines, and the viability of these cells was greatly affected by them (17). Quercetin, especially, plays a key role in the disruption of a certain pathway involved in the development of cancer cells (18).
13. Protects Against Heart Disease
The fiber content of prickly pear helps reduce cholesterol levels in the body and maintain blood pressure. Hence, hypertension and bad cholesterol are brought under control. These factors are associated with atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, and other heart diseases. Cactus fruit’s antioxidants also help to enhance cardiovascular health (19, 20). The biologically active flavonoids in prickly pears normalize the blood platelet stickiness, which helps to maintain good cardiovascular health (21). Hence, herbal doctors often recommend consuming prickly pear for alleviating cardiovascular disease.
14. Alleviates Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
Prickly pear is rich in the mineral potassium. When ingested, this mineral can reduce the pressure on the blood vessels and lower the elevated blood pressure levels. Regular intake of prickly pear can maintain normal blood pressure levels and give relief from hypertension. The betalain found in this fruit also strengthens the inner walls of the blood vessels, further aiding in the promotion of cardiovascular health (22).
[Read: Home Remedies for High Blood Pressue]
15. Osteoporosis Protection
This fruit is anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and antihistamine in nature. It also contains flavonoids that prevent the release of the compounds that help in inflammation of the joints and muscles caused due to gout, arthritis, exercise, fibromyalgia, and allergies. Osteoporosis, which is essentially an inflammatory disease, can be prevented and treated with prickly pear supplementation (23).
16. Stroke Prevention
A decrease in total body fat and elevated cholesterol, glucose, and blood pressure levels can all impact cardiovascular health in a very positive way. As these levels are reduced in the body, the risk of stroke or heart attack goes down (24, 25).
17. Reduces Frequency Of Migraine Headaches
Migraine is a chronic inflammatory condition that is characterized by the presence of a severe headache (usually on one side of the head) with disturbances in digestion and vision. And to alleviate this inflammation, anti-inflammatory compounds are needed. These are found in abundance in the prickly pear fruit, especially the compound indicaxanthin. This is technically a dietary pigment that can reduce various pro-inflammatory factors in the body (26). If consumed frequently, this fruit can help people deal with migraines. It also reduces their intensity and frequency.
18. Alleviates Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Cramps, back pain, headaches, and breast tenderness are common symptoms that woman experience during PMS. Most of these symptoms are associated with an increase in the levels of prostaglandins (hormone-like chemicals) in the body. Prickly pear is known to inhibit the synthesis of prostaglandins, thus alleviating PMS symptoms (27).
19. Strengthens Bones And Teeth
Our teeth and bones are composed of calcium, and our diet is the only source of this mineral. The body obviously cannot synthesize calcium by itself. One cup of fresh prickly pear fruit contains 83 milligrams of calcium, which constitutes about 8% of the daily intake recommended by the FDA. This calcium intake will strengthen our bones and teeth (28).
20. Promotes Digestive Health
Fiber is an important part of our diet when it comes to digestive health. And prickly pear is loaded with fiber. This aids smooth digestion of various components of the food we eat and enhances the activity of the digestive enzymes. Additionally, the fiber from the fruit can help in the smooth elimination of wastes from the body (29).
21. Makes Your Nails Healthy
Prickly pear seed oil can be used to moisturize dry and damaged nails and restore the health of the nails and cuticles. It contains moisturizing fatty acids like linoleic acid, oleic acid, and palmitic acid. Small concentrations of other fatty acids are also found (30).
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What Are The Benefits Of Prickly Pear For The Skin?
The seeds of this fruit are cold pressed to prepare a beauty oil. It possesses many properties that give it the following benefits:
22. Anti-Aging Properties
It contains skin-softening vitamins E and K. It also contains a good amount of skin hydrating and nourishing fatty acids. These prevent the formation of wrinkles and fine lines, thus making prickly pear oil a good anti-aging agent (30).
[Read: Homemade Tips For Anti-Aging]
23. Anti-Inflammatory Agent
This xerophytic plant’s oil has great inflammation-fighting capabilities because of the presence of anti-inflammatory compounds. The betalains and phenolic compounds exert this effect when the oil is applied topically on the skin. Swelling and irritation due to insect bites, scrapes, or inflammatory skin conditions like psoriasis and dermatitis can be reduced by the application of this oil.
24. Brightens The Skin Tone
This oil is also often used for its skin brightening properties. Linoleic acid, which is a fatty acid, not only nourishes the skin but also eliminates dullness. It also protects the skin from UV radiation (31).
25. Helps Achieve Smoother Skin
It is super hydrating for dull and dry skin. Linoleic, oleic, and palmitic fatty acids, which are found in major proportions in prickly pear seed oil, supply the skin with the oils it lacks.
26. Heals Cuts, Wounds, And Blemishes
Phenolic compounds are also found in good concentrations in prickly pear oil, which exert antioxidant effects on the skin and help repair damaged skin (32). Cut wounds, scars, and other blemishes that may have formed due to various reasons will start healing and fading over time. Apply this oil regularly to reap its healing benefits.
27. Reduces Dark Circles
Dark circles under the eyes are formed due to many reasons. Lack of sleep, dehydration, and oxidative stress are the major factors that can cause your under eye area to become dull and get a bluish-purplish tinge. Prickly pear seed oil contains skin nourishing fatty acids that also possess skin brightening properties. In conjunction, these properties can help to lighten your dark circles.
All of these properties make prickly pear seed oil an excellent choice for mature, aging, and/or damaged skin.
Let us now look at the benefits of prickly pear for your hair.
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How Does Prickly Pear Benefit Your Hair?
Both the fruit and the oil from its seeds can be used to smoothen hair texture, reduce hair fall, increase hair growth, and improve hair health overall.
28. Nourishes Hair
We already know that the oil from the seeds of this cactus fruit contains plenty of fatty acids, minerals, and vitamins that can benefit the skin. Similarly, these can also nourish the scalp and hair by providing the healthy oils they may be lacking. A special mention is required for prickly pear’s vitamin E content that can deeply condition the hair.
29. Makes Your Hair Shiny
You can use prickly pear oil to make your hair glossy. This oil can give you double the amount of fatty acids and protein than argan oil, which is a popular oil used for restoring the natural hair shine.
30. Reduces Hair Loss
The pulp of this fruit is often added to hair care products as its antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds can give relief from many scalp conditions and, in turn, reduce hair loss and stimulate hair growth (33, 34).
31. Natural Hair Conditioner
Here’s a simple recipe to concoct your own hair conditioner at home using prickly pear cactus:
You Will Need
What You Have To Do
1. Wash the cactus carefully and peel it to remove all the thorns and barbs.
2. Dice this into small squares and add chopped cucumber to it.
3. Add the olive oil and coconut milk and blend everything.
4. Apply this on the scalp and hair.
5. Let it sit for 20-30 minutes and then rinse it off thoroughly. Make sure no residue remains in your hair.
This cactus pear hair mask will make your hair healthy, silky, and soft. It is also useful to protect your hair from the scorching sun and rejuvenate heat-damaged hair.
Those were the best benefits of prickly pear for your skin, hair and health. See the next section to know how to make prickly pear a wonderful addition to your diet.
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How To Incorporate Prickly Pear Into Your Diet?
The prickly pear cactus plant has different parts that are edible. The pad of the cactus, which is often referred to as the nopal, is used as a vegetable in Mexican dishes. Its texture is similar to that of okra when cooked. It is boiled or grilled and is added to soups and salads mostly. Apart from the cactus pad, the fruit or the pear itself can be eaten. Like any other fruit, you can simply rinse it, peel it, and eat it fresh. The flowers of this plant are often used as garnishing or added to salads for extra flavor.
Eating the prickly pear fruit is not a difficult process. All you need to do is peel the skin and eat the fleshy pulp present inside. Be careful of the spines when you are handling the fruit initially and the seeds when you are eating it. Many people also prepare jams and jellies from prickly pear fruit.
If you do not have access to a store where you can purchase this fruit from, there are extracts available in the market. The dosage of these extracts would depend on the concentration, and it is best if the manufacturer’s recommendation is followed. Prickly pear water is also available in the market these days. This is prepared from the juice of the fruit and filtered water, along with some additional ingredients like lemon juice.
Prickly pear is used in various forms to serve various purposes. These uses are given below.
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Uses Of Prickly Pear Cactus
Here we discuss many various ways to use prickly pear. Check out what are they.
As A Supplement
Due to its benefits for lowering blood sugar levels, supplements for type 2 diabetes patients have been designed. The extract is also used to lower cholesterol, target obesity, and lower the risk of heart disease. This supplement is available usually in a powder or a pill form. People also use the supplement before drinking alcohol to reduce the symptoms of an alcoholic hangover.
Juice And Pulp
The juice or the pulp (without seeds) of the prickly pear fruit is extracted to make jams and jellies. The juice, by itself, can be very tart. It is often added to lemonade or margaritas for that extra zing. To reduce the tartness and still benefit from this amazing xerophyte, jams and jellies are prepared.
When it comes to usage in medicine, prickly pear is used in medications for:
Now that we covered the many uses of this fruit, it is also important to know how to select the best fruit and store it so that you can derive the maximum benefits. Read on to know how.
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How To Select And Store Cactus Pear
Mid-August is considered the best time to harvest prickly pear cactus fruit. Once you have located a plant, follow these steps:
Cactus pear fruits remain ripe for about a week. They can also be refrigerated for 3-4 days in a plastic bag.
Here is how you can cut and prepare prickly pear fruit.
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How To Eat Prickly Pear Cactus
If you are still confused about how to consume this exotic fruit, we have some simple but delicious recipes for you below.
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Any Prickly Pear Recipes?
1. Prickly Pear Lemonade
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2. Prickly Pear Puree
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3. Prickly Pear Ice Cream
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Those were the yummy recipes of this fruit. Now, let’s see where you can buy these delectable fruits.
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Where To Buy Prickly Pear Cactus Fruit?
Prickly pears can be easily found in regular grocery stores. If you cannot find them there, try the Mexican or Middle Eastern vegetable markets.
Let me now summarize some key facts about prickly pear for you.
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What Are The Facts About Prickly Pear I Need To Know?
Even though this fruit has plenty of benefits, it can, at times, cause reactions in a few people. Here are the side effects experienced.
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Side Effects Of Prickly Pear Cactus
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Let us now look at some of the commonly asked questions by our readers about prickly pear.
Expert’s Answers For Readers’ Questions
What can reduce the skin irritation caused by prickly pear contact?
The spines (glochids) present on prickly pear can come in contact with the skin and at times, cause allergic reactions such as hives. These usually subside within an hour or so. If the spines have pierced the skin, carefully pluck them using tweezers or cellophane tape. To reduce the itching and irritation, you can use over-the-counter steroids or antihistamines.
Does prickly pear/tuna increase hemoglobin? Is it safe to consume?
Prickly pear has been known to increase hemoglobin. However, there is no clinical proof for this. However, it is absolutely safe to consume. So, go ahead and try it.
Does prickly pear cause constipation?
Prickly pear is often used to relieve constipation because of its fiber content. Irrespective of this, excessive intake can actually cause constipation because of the high amount of fiber blocking the intestines. Hence, it is best to consume it in moderate amounts.
How to prune prickly pear cactus?
Pruning is best done in spring or late summer to remove damaged, poorly formed, or excessive cactus pads. Using protective hand gear and clothing, carefully trim the pads at their bases. It might be best to cut off some of the top parts of the pads first to get better access to the base. If you are unsure about pruning the plant yourself or the cactus has grown out too much, get professional help.
Are all prickly pear cactus edible? What kind of cactus is edible?
The genus Opuntia consists of different species of cacti that are edible. You can identify these plants by their oval, flattened, green, and spine covered pads. The prickly pear cactus (O. Ficus-indica) is the most commonly eaten species.
How many calories are in cactus pears?
One cup of cactus pear contains around 61 calories.
Is a cactus a fruit or a vegetable?
The prickly pear cactus is one of those plants that is a vegetable and a fruit. The green pads are the vegetable whereas the red pear is the fruit.
Have you ever tried prickly pear fruit? Or have you had a chance to have one of those delicious Mexican dishes with the cactus pads in it? Share your experience with us in the comments section. Stay healthy!
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